The integrated lesson is designed to blend math content learning and science standards where the science standards are the means to apply the math learning.


Math Standards:

1st -5.NF.B.4b Find the area of a rectangle with fractional side lengths by tiling it with unit squares of the appropriate unit fraction side lengths, and show that the area is the same as would be found by multiplying the side lengths. Multiply fractional side lengths to find areas of rectangles, and represent fraction products as rectangular areas.
2nd – 5.NF.B.4a Interpret the product (a/b) as a part of a partition of q into b equal parts; equivalently, as the result of a sequence of operations a x q ÷ b

Science Standards:

SPI 0507.5.1 Identify physical and behavioral adaptations that enable animals such as, amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish, and mammals to survive in a particular environment.

Lesson Plan:


Show the African Web Camera during presentation

Essential Question:

How do animals use their physical and behavioral adaptations to survive in seasonal changes in particular environments?

Information given to the student

  • size of space for water (1/2 mile x 3/4 mile- rectangular pond).
  • overall area for gazelles to live (3 3/4 miles x 6 1/2 miles)
  • food consumption per gazelle per day (approx. 8 lbs per day/approx.. 8 sq. feet of vegetation area)
  • water consumption per gazelle per day (approx.. 5 gallons per day)
  • the # of gallons of water that evaporates in a day (approx..100 gallons)
  • the # of gallons of water in the pond ( approx.. 36,000 gallons)
  • 95 total gazelles living in family groups of up to 20
  • 1 sticky note = 1 square mile


The teacher will model how to find the area of water. TTW multiply 2/4 x 1/2 to find the area of water for a different space. Then, model putting the sticky notes on the large post-its to represent the area of water in that environment.

Independent Practice

Student determines:

  • Area of grass using given information
  • Area of overall living space
  • Number of gallons of water the herd drinks daily
  • How long it will take for the water to decrease to levels that will not supply the demand for the herd?
  • How much vegetation is eaten per day by the herd per day?
  • How long will it take for the food source to decrease to levels that will not supply the demand for the herd?
  • What is the least number of family groups of the 95 gazelles in the herd?
  • What the herd will do when food and water sources run out?
  • What would happen if the area they migrated to could not supply the needs of the whole herd?

Another option for more hands-on:

For a more active lesson, measure off a square area outside and give students 1’square tiles or cardstock paper to cover the given areas. You may also use classroom tiles and mark off a certain area using stickies on the floor and the square floor tiles.

Downloadable Resources: